Microbes as a Remedy over Pollution

Through human activities, a lot of toxic substance have been initiated into our environment like
persistent organic pollutants, toxic metals, soil contamination with petroleum hydrocarbons and
chemical pesticides fertilizers, which is a planetary problem affecting human and ecology health.
Restoring our world in a sustainable way is the key priority for all. We need to remove and
mitigate our pollution and microbes might be our answer.
Microbes are better known for their fundamental role to breaking down complex organic
compound and absorbing inorganic substance into our soil ecosystem, making nutrients available
for plant uptake leading to increased productivity and healthy soils. Presently, microbes can also
be used to clean up and mitigate pollution.
Through a process known as “bioremediation” microbes are used to reduce pollution through
degrading, breaking down, transforming and removing pollutants from the non-toxic substance
such as soil and water. Bioremediation techniques when merged with sustainable practices like
use of renewable sources instead of fossil fuel energy will emanate better social, environment
and economy benefits.
Bioremediation takes place when microbes comes in contact with contaminates of soil,
groundwater and surface. In the process microbes’ secrets enzymes that breaks down
contaminants into small compounds that they can consume and use them as source of food and
energy. In return, of digestion process microbes releases carbon dioxide, water and non-harmful
amino acids. In ideal environment conditions like surface ph., temperature, availability of
moisture and sufficient food supply, microbes reproduce and increase in number promoting the

removal of additional contaminants and the cycle replicates until all the food source is
diminished.
Bioremediation can be modified to the need of the polluted area in question, and certain
microbes needed to break down the contaminants encouraged by selecting the limiting factors
needed to stimulate their growth.
Pollution is a threat to our health and our environment, affecting the sustainability of our planet
earth and damaging our soil hence reducing the capacity to produce food to rising population.
Bioremediation relies on microbes that poses no threat to people, reduces labor and amount of
equipment needed for cleanup making it sustainable to remove and mitigate further pollution. By
this, we create clean air, water and healthy fertile soil to coming generations.
As our realization on the importance of microbial reactions, grow our capacity to utilize them to
our advantage increasese

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